The Taj Mahal is a mausoleum constructed in memory of Mumtaz Mahal, favorite of the kina Shah Vahan, who died in 1631 after the birth of his fourteenth son. It is located in the Indian city of Agra, on the banks of the Yamuna River.
It is made primarily of marble from Rajasthan, even though large amounts of jade, crystal, lapis lazuli, turquoise, agate, sapphire, coral and diamonds were also used. It took twenty-two years to complete construction.
It is made of an amazing complex of buildings surrounded by a wall, that is itself surrounded by gardens and it is a unanimous belief that it is the most beautiful example of Mongolian art that combined elements of Islam, the Turks, Persians, and Indians.
According to legend, the empress, before dying, asked four final wished of her husband: To build her a tomb, to remarry, to be a good father, and to visit her tomb every year on the anniversary of her death.
The tribute to his wife turned into a madness that brought him to ruins, being overthrown by his son Aurangzeb and imprisoned in the Chamber of Agra, where the emperor could see the mausoleum from his window on a daily basis.
The Taj Mahal symbolizes the biggest and most grandiose tribute to love ever made by man and was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1983, on top of being considered one of the Seven Wonders of the World.